“The term worm farming can be very confusing to many people, as they are not aware who does it, and what is the use of bunch of worms. In the worm farming, worms are fed the organic material which is similar to that used in compost pile, and worms then produce the useful product. Worm excrement or castings is the final product, which is a great amendment for potted plants or garden, and is also a great fertilizer. Using the worms to create casting is called vermicomposting, and the final produce is called vermicast or vermicompost.
It is essential to start with the right type of worms in order to get high quality casting in the earthworm farm. There are some types of worms that are able to adapt better to live in the container and process the organic waste. If you choose the wrong worms, they may burrow down, and not much of the food gets processed into casting. Make sure that you buy the worms from the good vermocomposting supplier, so that the worms are suitable for farming.
After you have enough experience, you can identify the good local worms that you can use to populate the farm. The worm farm can be built in several ways, and one easy way is to directly situate it on the ground. Another option is to dig a trench, and put the material inside. Using the container or bin, and stacking one on the top of the other is also an option.
To start the worm farming in the container, put some sheets of shredded newspaper inside, which can act as the bedding. On the bedding, add few handfuls of soil, put some water to moisten it, add the organic waste as food and finally put the worms inside it. You will have to cover it so that the light stays out and moisture is retained. You will have to keep adding the food every few weeks so that the worms can multiply.
If the farm starts smelling bad, you might be supplying more food than the worms are able to process, and also avoid adding milk products, animal waste, animal products or oil as these can attract pests. When the container is about half full, it is a good time to harvest the castings, and you can use several ways to do it. Push everything to one side, and bring out the food that has not been decomposed. On the empty side, add a layer of bedding, soil and food, give worms few weeks time to move over to the other side, and collect the good vermicompost that has been left behind.”