Small solar power kits are popping up all over the place. These self-contained systems can provide anyone with the ability to harness the power of the sun for their own personal electrical use. The capacity of this type of system and its efficiency will depend a lot on geographical location for use and the individual system’s unique design. Overall, solar power kits can save people money on their electrical costs even if it is only a small amount.
Solar power kits do differ in size, capacity and associated purchase costs. A standard kit meant to power a very small appliance might include such things as:
• A small solar panel or module – This is the power behind a kit system. Just like a large solar panel system that would be installed on a roof, a kit module will be designed to absorb the sun’s energy and convert it into direct current electricity.
• An inverter – Inverters are required by solar power systems to take the DC energy produced by panels or modules and turn it into usable alternating current, or AC, power. The efficiency of the inverter can play a big role in how much energy solar power kits can produce.
• A battery or batteries – Solar power kits are meant to charge batteries that can then be used to power a specific appliance. A small system, for example, might power a fairly small 12 volt battery.
• Charge controller – This little device comes along with many solar power kits to regulate the amount of charge the battery or batteries will receive from the module and inverter. This helps ensure that batteries are fully charge, but not over taxed.
• Mounting devices or hardware – These come with standard, self-contained solar power kits to ensure proper mounting of solar modules. In most cases, the hardware is designed as a pole that elevates the solar module. It is up to the individual users, however, to ensure that a module is placed in an area that receives plenty of direct sunlight.
Solar power kits that are considered affordable might not drive big electrical systems within a home, but they can help offset costs. This type of system could be used, for example, to run a toaster, hair dryer, drill or other small appliance. The benefits of using solar power kits are generally not as financially rewarding as employing a larger system, but they can reduce electric bills slightly. More importantly, however, a small kit can show the effectiveness of solar power and illustrate how a larger system would function.
Solar power kits are rather widely available. These systems might not replace electricity, but they can do their part to offset its use and the costs associated with it.